Nad to nadh anabolic or catabolic

The salvage pathways used in microorganisms differ from those of mammals . [29] Some pathogens, such as the yeast Candida glabrata and the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae are NAD + auxotrophs  – they cannot synthesize NAD +  – but possess salvage pathways and thus are dependent on external sources of NAD + or its precursors. [30] [31] Even more surprising is the intracellular pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis , which lacks recognizable candidates for any genes involved in the biosynthesis or salvage of both NAD + and NADP + , and must acquire these coenzymes from its host . [32]

Table 1. Oxidative pathways of glycolysis employed by various bacteria. Bacterium Embden-Meyerhof pathway Phosphoketolase (heterolactic) pathway Entner Doudoroff pathway Acetobacter aceti - + - Agrobacterium tumefaciens - - + Azotobacter vinelandii - - + Bacillus subtilis major minor - Escherichia coli + - - Lactobacillus acidophilus + - - Leuconostoc mesenteroides - + - Pseudomonas aeruginosa - - + Vibrio cholerae minor - major Zymomonas mobilis - - +

Nad to nadh anabolic or catabolic

nad to nadh anabolic or catabolic

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nad to nadh anabolic or catabolicnad to nadh anabolic or catabolicnad to nadh anabolic or catabolicnad to nadh anabolic or catabolicnad to nadh anabolic or catabolic

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